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java.net
public class: DatagramSocket [javadoc | source]
java.lang.Object
   java.net.DatagramSocket

All Implemented Interfaces:
    Closeable

Direct Known Subclasses:
    MulticastSocket

This class represents a socket for sending and receiving datagram packets.

A datagram socket is the sending or receiving point for a packet delivery service. Each packet sent or received on a datagram socket is individually addressed and routed. Multiple packets sent from one machine to another may be routed differently, and may arrive in any order.

Where possible, a newly constructed {@code DatagramSocket} has the SO_BROADCAST socket option enabled so as to allow the transmission of broadcast datagrams. In order to receive broadcast packets a DatagramSocket should be bound to the wildcard address. In some implementations, broadcast packets may also be received when a DatagramSocket is bound to a more specific address.

Example: DatagramSocket s = new DatagramSocket(null); s.bind(new InetSocketAddress(8888)); Which is equivalent to: DatagramSocket s = new DatagramSocket(8888); Both cases will create a DatagramSocket able to receive broadcasts on UDP port 8888.

Field Summary
 DatagramSocketImpl impl     
 boolean oldImpl    Are we using an older DatagramSocketImpl? 
static final  int ST_NOT_CONNECTED     
static final  int ST_CONNECTED     
static final  int ST_CONNECTED_NO_IMPL     
 int connectState     
 InetAddress connectedAddress     
 int connectedPort     
static  Class implClass     
static  DatagramSocketImplFactory factory    User defined factory for all datagram sockets. 
Constructor:
 public DatagramSocket() throws SocketException 
    Constructs a datagram socket and binds it to any available port on the local host machine. The socket will be bound to the wildcard address, an IP address chosen by the kernel.

    If there is a security manager, its checkListen method is first called with 0 as its argument to ensure the operation is allowed. This could result in a SecurityException.

    Throws:
    SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
    Also see:
    SecurityManager#checkListen
    exception: SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    exception: SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
 protected DatagramSocket(DatagramSocketImpl impl) 
    Creates an unbound datagram socket with the specified DatagramSocketImpl.
    Parameters:
    impl - an instance of a DatagramSocketImpl the subclass wishes to use on the DatagramSocket.
    since: 1.4 -
 public DatagramSocket(SocketAddress bindaddr) throws SocketException 
    Creates a datagram socket, bound to the specified local socket address.

    If, if the address is null, creates an unbound socket.

    If there is a security manager, its checkListen method is first called with the port from the socket address as its argument to ensure the operation is allowed. This could result in a SecurityException.

    Parameters:
    bindaddr - local socket address to bind, or null for an unbound socket.
    Throws:
    SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
    Also see:
    SecurityManager#checkListen
    exception: SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    exception: SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
    since: 1.4 -
 public DatagramSocket(int port) throws SocketException 
    Constructs a datagram socket and binds it to the specified port on the local host machine. The socket will be bound to the wildcard address, an IP address chosen by the kernel.

    If there is a security manager, its checkListen method is first called with the port argument as its argument to ensure the operation is allowed. This could result in a SecurityException.

    Parameters:
    port - port to use.
    Throws:
    SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
    Also see:
    SecurityManager#checkListen
    exception: SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    exception: SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
 public DatagramSocket(int port,
    InetAddress laddr) throws SocketException 
    Creates a datagram socket, bound to the specified local address. The local port must be between 0 and 65535 inclusive. If the IP address is 0.0.0.0, the socket will be bound to the wildcard address, an IP address chosen by the kernel.

    If there is a security manager, its checkListen method is first called with the port argument as its argument to ensure the operation is allowed. This could result in a SecurityException.

    Parameters:
    port - local port to use
    laddr - local address to bind
    Throws:
    SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
    Also see:
    SecurityManager#checkListen
    exception: SocketException - if the socket could not be opened, or the socket could not bind to the specified local port.
    exception: SecurityException - if a security manager exists and its checkListen method doesn't allow the operation.
    since: JDK1.1 -
Method from java.net.DatagramSocket Summary:
bind,   checkAddress,   close,   connect,   connect,   createImpl,   disconnect,   getBroadcast,   getChannel,   getImpl,   getInetAddress,   getLocalAddress,   getLocalPort,   getLocalSocketAddress,   getPort,   getReceiveBufferSize,   getRemoteSocketAddress,   getReuseAddress,   getSendBufferSize,   getSoTimeout,   getTrafficClass,   isBound,   isClosed,   isConnected,   receive,   send,   setBroadcast,   setDatagramSocketImplFactory,   setReceiveBufferSize,   setReuseAddress,   setSendBufferSize,   setSoTimeout,   setTrafficClass
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from java.net.DatagramSocket Detail:
 public synchronized  void bind(SocketAddress addr) throws SocketException 
    Binds this DatagramSocket to a specific address & port.

    If the address is null, then the system will pick up an ephemeral port and a valid local address to bind the socket.

  void checkAddress(InetAddress addr,
    String op) 
 public  void close() 
    Closes this datagram socket.

    Any thread currently blocked in #receive upon this socket will throw a SocketException .

    If this socket has an associated channel then the channel is closed as well.

 public  void connect(SocketAddress addr) throws SocketException 
    Connects this socket to a remote socket address (IP address + port number).

    If given an InetSocketAddress , this method behaves as if invoking connect(InetAddress,int) with the the given socket addresses IP address and port number.

 public  void connect(InetAddress address,
    int port) 
    Connects the socket to a remote address for this socket. When a socket is connected to a remote address, packets may only be sent to or received from that address. By default a datagram socket is not connected.

    If the remote destination to which the socket is connected does not exist, or is otherwise unreachable, and if an ICMP destination unreachable packet has been received for that address, then a subsequent call to send or receive may throw a PortUnreachableException. Note, there is no guarantee that the exception will be thrown.

    If a security manager has been installed then it is invoked to check access to the remote address. Specifically, if the given {@code address} is a multicast address , the security manager's checkMulticast method is invoked with the given {@code address}. Otherwise, the security manager's checkConnect and checkAccept methods are invoked, with the given {@code address} and {@code port}, to verify that datagrams are permitted to be sent and received respectively.

    When a socket is connected, receive and send will not perform any security checks on incoming and outgoing packets, other than matching the packet's and the socket's address and port. On a send operation, if the packet's address is set and the packet's address and the socket's address do not match, an {@code IllegalArgumentException} will be thrown. A socket connected to a multicast address may only be used to send packets.

  void createImpl() throws SocketException 
 public  void disconnect() 
    Disconnects the socket. If the socket is closed or not connected, then this method has no effect.
 public synchronized boolean getBroadcast() throws SocketException 
    Tests if SO_BROADCAST is enabled.
 public DatagramChannel getChannel() 
 DatagramSocketImpl getImpl() throws SocketException 
    Get the DatagramSocketImpl attached to this socket, creating it if necessary.
 public InetAddress getInetAddress() 
    Returns the address to which this socket is connected. Returns null if the socket is not connected.

    If the socket was connected prior to being closed , then this method will continue to return the connected address after the socket is closed.

 public InetAddress getLocalAddress() 
    Gets the local address to which the socket is bound.

    If there is a security manager, its checkConnect method is first called with the host address and -1 as its arguments to see if the operation is allowed.

 public int getLocalPort() 
    Returns the port number on the local host to which this socket is bound.
 public SocketAddress getLocalSocketAddress() 
    Returns the address of the endpoint this socket is bound to.
 public int getPort() 
    Returns the port number to which this socket is connected. Returns -1 if the socket is not connected.

    If the socket was connected prior to being closed , then this method will continue to return the connected port number after the socket is closed.

 public synchronized int getReceiveBufferSize() throws SocketException 
    Get value of the SO_RCVBUF option for this DatagramSocket, that is the buffer size used by the platform for input on this DatagramSocket.
 public SocketAddress getRemoteSocketAddress() 
    Returns the address of the endpoint this socket is connected to, or null if it is unconnected.

    If the socket was connected prior to being closed , then this method will continue to return the connected address after the socket is closed.

 public synchronized boolean getReuseAddress() throws SocketException 
    Tests if SO_REUSEADDR is enabled.
 public synchronized int getSendBufferSize() throws SocketException 
    Get value of the SO_SNDBUF option for this DatagramSocket, that is the buffer size used by the platform for output on this DatagramSocket.
 public synchronized int getSoTimeout() throws SocketException 
    Retrieve setting for SO_TIMEOUT. 0 returns implies that the option is disabled (i.e., timeout of infinity).
 public synchronized int getTrafficClass() throws SocketException 
    Gets traffic class or type-of-service in the IP datagram header for packets sent from this DatagramSocket.

    As the underlying network implementation may ignore the traffic class or type-of-service set using #setTrafficClass(int) this method may return a different value than was previously set using the #setTrafficClass(int) method on this DatagramSocket.

 public boolean isBound() 
    Returns the binding state of the socket.

    If the socket was bound prior to being closed , then this method will continue to return true after the socket is closed.

 public boolean isClosed() 
    Returns whether the socket is closed or not.
 public boolean isConnected() 
    Returns the connection state of the socket.

    If the socket was connected prior to being closed , then this method will continue to return true after the socket is closed.

 public synchronized  void receive(DatagramPacket p) throws IOException 
    Receives a datagram packet from this socket. When this method returns, the DatagramPacket's buffer is filled with the data received. The datagram packet also contains the sender's IP address, and the port number on the sender's machine.

    This method blocks until a datagram is received. The length field of the datagram packet object contains the length of the received message. If the message is longer than the packet's length, the message is truncated.

    If there is a security manager, a packet cannot be received if the security manager's checkAccept method does not allow it.

 public  void send(DatagramPacket p) throws IOException 
    Sends a datagram packet from this socket. The DatagramPacket includes information indicating the data to be sent, its length, the IP address of the remote host, and the port number on the remote host.

    If there is a security manager, and the socket is not currently connected to a remote address, this method first performs some security checks. First, if p.getAddress().isMulticastAddress() is true, this method calls the security manager's checkMulticast method with p.getAddress() as its argument. If the evaluation of that expression is false, this method instead calls the security manager's checkConnect method with arguments p.getAddress().getHostAddress() and p.getPort(). Each call to a security manager method could result in a SecurityException if the operation is not allowed.

 public synchronized  void setBroadcast(boolean on) throws SocketException 
    Enable/disable SO_BROADCAST.

    Some operating systems may require that the Java virtual machine be started with implementation specific privileges to enable this option or send broadcast datagrams.

 public static synchronized  void setDatagramSocketImplFactory(DatagramSocketImplFactory fac) throws IOException 
    Sets the datagram socket implementation factory for the application. The factory can be specified only once.

    When an application creates a new datagram socket, the socket implementation factory's createDatagramSocketImpl method is called to create the actual datagram socket implementation.

    Passing null to the method is a no-op unless the factory was already set.

    If there is a security manager, this method first calls the security manager's checkSetFactory method to ensure the operation is allowed. This could result in a SecurityException.

 public synchronized  void setReceiveBufferSize(int size) throws SocketException 
    Sets the SO_RCVBUF option to the specified value for this DatagramSocket. The SO_RCVBUF option is used by the the network implementation as a hint to size the underlying network I/O buffers. The SO_RCVBUF setting may also be used by the network implementation to determine the maximum size of the packet that can be received on this socket.

    Because SO_RCVBUF is a hint, applications that want to verify what size the buffers were set to should call #getReceiveBufferSize() .

    Increasing SO_RCVBUF may allow the network implementation to buffer multiple packets when packets arrive faster than are being received using #receive(DatagramPacket) .

    Note: It is implementation specific if a packet larger than SO_RCVBUF can be received.

 public synchronized  void setReuseAddress(boolean on) throws SocketException 
    Enable/disable the SO_REUSEADDR socket option.

    For UDP sockets it may be necessary to bind more than one socket to the same socket address. This is typically for the purpose of receiving multicast packets (See java.net.MulticastSocket ). The SO_REUSEADDR socket option allows multiple sockets to be bound to the same socket address if the SO_REUSEADDR socket option is enabled prior to binding the socket using #bind(SocketAddress) .

    Note: This functionality is not supported by all existing platforms, so it is implementation specific whether this option will be ignored or not. However, if it is not supported then #getReuseAddress() will always return false.

    When a DatagramSocket is created the initial setting of SO_REUSEADDR is disabled.

    The behaviour when SO_REUSEADDR is enabled or disabled after a socket is bound (See #isBound() ) is not defined.

 public synchronized  void setSendBufferSize(int size) throws SocketException 
    Sets the SO_SNDBUF option to the specified value for this DatagramSocket. The SO_SNDBUF option is used by the network implementation as a hint to size the underlying network I/O buffers. The SO_SNDBUF setting may also be used by the network implementation to determine the maximum size of the packet that can be sent on this socket.

    As SO_SNDBUF is a hint, applications that want to verify what size the buffer is should call #getSendBufferSize() .

    Increasing the buffer size may allow multiple outgoing packets to be queued by the network implementation when the send rate is high.

    Note: If #send(DatagramPacket) is used to send a DatagramPacket that is larger than the setting of SO_SNDBUF then it is implementation specific if the packet is sent or discarded.

 public synchronized  void setSoTimeout(int timeout) throws SocketException 
    Enable/disable SO_TIMEOUT with the specified timeout, in milliseconds. With this option set to a non-zero timeout, a call to receive() for this DatagramSocket will block for only this amount of time. If the timeout expires, a java.net.SocketTimeoutException is raised, though the DatagramSocket is still valid. The option must be enabled prior to entering the blocking operation to have effect. The timeout must be > 0. A timeout of zero is interpreted as an infinite timeout.
 public synchronized  void setTrafficClass(int tc) throws SocketException 
    Sets traffic class or type-of-service octet in the IP datagram header for datagrams sent from this DatagramSocket. As the underlying network implementation may ignore this value applications should consider it a hint.

    The tc must be in the range 0 <= tc <= 255 or an IllegalArgumentException will be thrown.

    Notes:

    For Internet Protocol v4 the value consists of an integer, the least significant 8 bits of which represent the value of the TOS octet in IP packets sent by the socket. RFC 1349 defines the TOS values as follows:

    • IPTOS_LOWCOST (0x02)
    • IPTOS_RELIABILITY (0x04)
    • IPTOS_THROUGHPUT (0x08)
    • IPTOS_LOWDELAY (0x10)
    The last low order bit is always ignored as this corresponds to the MBZ (must be zero) bit.

    Setting bits in the precedence field may result in a SocketException indicating that the operation is not permitted.

    for Internet Protocol v6 tc is the value that would be placed into the sin6_flowinfo field of the IP header.