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javax.servlet
public interface: ServletResponse [javadoc | source]

All Known Implementing Classes:
    HttpServletResponse, HttpServletResponseWrapper, NoBodyResponse, ServletResponseWrapper

Defines an object to assist a servlet in sending a response to the client. The servlet container creates a ServletResponse object and passes it as an argument to the servlet's service method.

To send binary data in a MIME body response, use the ServletOutputStream returned by #getOutputStream . To send character data, use the PrintWriter object returned by #getWriter . To mix binary and text data, for example, to create a multipart response, use a ServletOutputStream and manage the character sections manually.

The charset for the MIME body response can be specified explicitly using the #setCharacterEncoding and #setContentType methods, or implicitly using the #setLocale method. Explicit specifications take precedence over implicit specifications. If no charset is specified, ISO-8859-1 will be used. The setCharacterEncoding, setContentType, or setLocale method must be called before getWriter and before committing the response for the character encoding to be used.

See the Internet RFCs such as RFC 2045 for more information on MIME. Protocols such as SMTP and HTTP define profiles of MIME, and those standards are still evolving.

Method from javax.servlet.ServletResponse Summary:
flushBuffer,   getBufferSize,   getCharacterEncoding,   getContentType,   getLocale,   getOutputStream,   getWriter,   isCommitted,   reset,   resetBuffer,   setBufferSize,   setCharacterEncoding,   setContentLength,   setContentType,   setLocale
Method from javax.servlet.ServletResponse Detail:
 public  void flushBuffer() throws IOException
    Forces any content in the buffer to be written to the client. A call to this method automatically commits the response, meaning the status code and headers will be written.
 public int getBufferSize()
    Returns the actual buffer size used for the response. If no buffering is used, this method returns 0.
 public String getCharacterEncoding()
    Returns the name of the character encoding (MIME charset) used for the body sent in this response. The character encoding may have been specified explicitly using the #setCharacterEncoding or #setContentType methods, or implicitly using the #setLocale method. Explicit specifications take precedence over implicit specifications. Calls made to these methods after getWriter has been called or after the response has been committed have no effect on the character encoding. If no character encoding has been specified, ISO-8859-1 is returned.

    See RFC 2047 (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2047.txt) for more information about character encoding and MIME.

 public String getContentType()
    Returns the content type used for the MIME body sent in this response. The content type proper must have been specified using #setContentType before the response is committed. If no content type has been specified, this method returns null. If a content type has been specified and a character encoding has been explicitly or implicitly specified as described in #getCharacterEncoding , the charset parameter is included in the string returned. If no character encoding has been specified, the charset parameter is omitted.
 public Locale getLocale()
    Returns the locale specified for this response using the #setLocale method. Calls made to setLocale after the response is committed have no effect. If no locale has been specified, the container's default locale is returned.
 public ServletOutputStream getOutputStream() throws IOException
    Returns a ServletOutputStream suitable for writing binary data in the response. The servlet container does not encode the binary data.

    Calling flush() on the ServletOutputStream commits the response. Either this method or #getWriter may be called to write the body, not both.

 public PrintWriter getWriter() throws IOException
    Returns a PrintWriter object that can send character text to the client. The PrintWriter uses the character encoding returned by #getCharacterEncoding . If the response's character encoding has not been specified as described in getCharacterEncoding (i.e., the method just returns the default value ISO-8859-1), getWriter updates it to ISO-8859-1.

    Calling flush() on the PrintWriter commits the response.

    Either this method or #getOutputStream may be called to write the body, not both.

 public boolean isCommitted()
    Returns a boolean indicating if the response has been committed. A committed response has already had its status code and headers written.
 public  void reset()
    Clears any data that exists in the buffer as well as the status code and headers. If the response has been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException.
 public  void resetBuffer()
    Clears the content of the underlying buffer in the response without clearing headers or status code. If the response has been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException.
 public  void setBufferSize(int size)
    Sets the preferred buffer size for the body of the response. The servlet container will use a buffer at least as large as the size requested. The actual buffer size used can be found using getBufferSize.

    A larger buffer allows more content to be written before anything is actually sent, thus providing the servlet with more time to set appropriate status codes and headers. A smaller buffer decreases server memory load and allows the client to start receiving data more quickly.

    This method must be called before any response body content is written; if content has been written or the response object has been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException.

 public  void setCharacterEncoding(String charset)
    Sets the character encoding (MIME charset) of the response being sent to the client, for example, to UTF-8. If the character encoding has already been set by #setContentType or #setLocale , this method overrides it. Calling #setContentType with the String of text/html and calling this method with the String of UTF-8 is equivalent with calling setContentType with the String of text/html; charset=UTF-8.

    This method can be called repeatedly to change the character encoding. This method has no effect if it is called after getWriter has been called or after the response has been committed.

    Containers must communicate the character encoding used for the servlet response's writer to the client if the protocol provides a way for doing so. In the case of HTTP, the character encoding is communicated as part of the Content-Type header for text media types. Note that the character encoding cannot be communicated via HTTP headers if the servlet does not specify a content type; however, it is still used to encode text written via the servlet response's writer.

 public  void setContentLength(int len)
    Sets the length of the content body in the response In HTTP servlets, this method sets the HTTP Content-Length header.
 public  void setContentType(String type)
    Sets the content type of the response being sent to the client, if the response has not been committed yet. The given content type may include a character encoding specification, for example, text/html;charset=UTF-8. The response's character encoding is only set from the given content type if this method is called before getWriter is called.

    This method may be called repeatedly to change content type and character encoding. This method has no effect if called after the response has been committed. It does not set the response's character encoding if it is called after getWriter has been called or after the response has been committed.

    Containers must communicate the content type and the character encoding used for the servlet response's writer to the client if the protocol provides a way for doing so. In the case of HTTP, the Content-Type header is used.

 public  void setLocale(Locale loc)
    Sets the locale of the response, if the response has not been committed yet. It also sets the response's character encoding appropriately for the locale, if the character encoding has not been explicitly set using #setContentType or #setCharacterEncoding , getWriter hasn't been called yet, and the response hasn't been committed yet. If the deployment descriptor contains a locale-encoding-mapping-list element, and that element provides a mapping for the given locale, that mapping is used. Otherwise, the mapping from locale to character encoding is container dependent.

    This method may be called repeatedly to change locale and character encoding. The method has no effect if called after the response has been committed. It does not set the response's character encoding if it is called after #setContentType has been called with a charset specification, after #setCharacterEncoding has been called, after getWriter has been called, or after the response has been committed.

    Containers must communicate the locale and the character encoding used for the servlet response's writer to the client if the protocol provides a way for doing so. In the case of HTTP, the locale is communicated via the Content-Language header, the character encoding as part of the Content-Type header for text media types. Note that the character encoding cannot be communicated via HTTP headers if the servlet does not specify a content type; however, it is still used to encode text written via the servlet response's writer.